MEA annual report on Pakistan & China
‘Pak engaging in hostile propaganda against India to divert attention from its domestic failures’
New Delhi: There is no let-up in “Pakistan-sponsored cross-border terrorism” and Islamabad is yet to show sincerity in delivering justice to the families of the victims of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said in a report on Monday.
In its annual report for 2022, the MEA also said that Pakistan continues to engage in “hostile and fabricated propaganda” to vilify India and to divert attention from its domestic political and economic failures.
It said India desires normal neighbourly relations with Pakistan and New Delhi’s consistent position has been that issues, if any, should be resolved bilaterally and peacefully, in an atmosphere free of terror and violence. At the same time, it said the onus is on Pakistan to create such a conducive environment.
“Pakistan continues to engage in hostile and fabricated propaganda to vilify India, and to divert attention from its domestic political and economic failures,” it said.
“India has completely and unequivocally rejected all actions and statements by Pakistan on matters which are completely internal to India,” the MEA said.
It said “there is a greater understanding among countries that Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India” and that the matters related to it are internal to the country.
“Despite India’s persistent urging that Pakistan respect its January 2004 commitment of not allowing its soil or territory under its control to be used for terrorism against India, there was no let-up in cross-border terrorism, infiltration and illegal smuggling of arms into India across the Line of Control (LoC) and International Boundary,” the MEA said.
“Pakistan is yet to show sincerity in delivering justice to the families of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks,” it said.
The MEA noted that India has consistently stressed the need for Pakistan to take “credible, irreversible and verifiable” action to end cross-border terrorism.
“India consistently raises the issue of Pakistan’s continued support to cross-border terrorism and terrorist infiltration in bilateral, regional and multilateral fora. In such outreach, credible inputs regarding the Pakistani origins of the captured terrorists are also shared,” it said.
The MEA said India desires normal neighbourly ties with Pakistan.
“India desires normal neighbourly relations with Pakistan. India’s consistent position is that issues, if any, between India and Pakistan should be resolved bilaterally and peacefully, in an atmosphere free of terror and violence.
“The onus is on Pakistan to create such a conducive environment,” it said.
“However, Pakistan continues to sponsor cross-border terrorism against India; restrict normal trade, connectivity, and people-to-people exchanges,” the MEA said.
India’s engagement with China “complex”
New Delhi: India’s engagement with China is “complex” and Chinese attempts to unilaterally alter the status quo along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh starting from April-May 2020 seriously disturbed the peace and tranquility in border areas, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said in a report on Monday.
It said these attempts were invariably met with an “appropriate response” from Indian armed forces.
“India’s engagement with China is complex. The two sides have agreed that pending the final settlement of the boundary question, maintenance of peace and tranquility in the border areas is an essential basis for the overall development of the bilateral relationship,” the MEA’s annual report for 2022 said.
“However, starting from April-May 2020, the Chinese side undertook several attempts to unilaterally alter the status quo along the LAC in the Western sector, which seriously disturbed the peace and tranquility along the LAC in the Western sector and impacted the development of the relationship,” it said.
The government refers to eastern Ladakh as the Western sector.
The MEA said both sides have agreed to resolve the issues along the LAC in eastern Ladakh through peaceful dialogue and that discussions have continued with the Chinese side to achieve complete disengagement from all friction points and full restoration of peace and tranquility in the India-China border areas at an early date.
“However, the continued unilateral attempts by China to change the status quo have impacted the bilateral relationship since then,” it said.
“The two sides continued to make some progress in the resolution of the issues along the LAC in Eastern Ladakh. Continuing with disengagement in Pangong Tso in February 2021 and in the Gogra area in August 2021, this year, disengagement was achieved in Gogra-Hot Springs (PP-15) in Eastern Ladakh (September 2022),” the MEA said.
It said there are still some outstanding issues that need to be resolved.
“India has maintained its engagement with the Chinese side both through diplomatic and military channels to resolve the remaining issues at the earliest so as to restore peace and tranquility in the border areas,” the MEA said.
It said External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar held a meeting with the then Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi during the latter’s visit to India on March 25 last year.
“The two ministers exchanged views on the border situation along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Eastern Ladakh. EAM conveyed to FM Wang Yi that restoration of normalcy will require a restoration of peace and tranquility,” the report said.
Apart from this, Jaishankar discussed key issues including the return of Indian students to continue their education in China.
The majority of Indian students had returned home following the COVID-19 pandemic. The report also mentioned the meeting of the two foreign ministers in Bali on July 7 last on the sidelines of a G-20 meeting.
It said during the meeting, Jaishankar called for an early resolution of all the outstanding issues along the LAC in eastern Ladakh and reiterated the need to sustain the momentum to complete disengagement from all the remaining areas.
Jaishankar also highlighted that the India-China relationship is best served by observing the three mutuals – mutual respect, mutual sensitivity, and mutual interest, the report said.
The report also cited the diplomatic and military talks between India and China to resolve the border issue.
“During these diplomatic and military level meetings, the two sides have had a candid and in-depth exchange of views on the situation along the LAC in the India-China border areas,” the report said.
“There was agreement to continue discussions through diplomatic and military channels to resolve the remaining issues along the LAC at the earliest,” it said.
The report noted that India continues to engage with China on multilateral platforms including BRICS, SCO, G-20, UN, etc.