Lifestyle changes that can reduce stroke risk
By: Dr.Vinit Banga
A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when there is a disruption in the blood supply to the brain. Understanding the key aspects of strokes is crucial for prevention and timely intervention.
Recognizing the warning signs of a stroke is vital. These include sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, typically on one side of the body. Speech problems, confusion, trouble seeing, and severe headaches can also be symptoms. The FAST acronym (Face drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, Time) can be an important way to remember the symptoms
Lifestyle changes that help in stroke prevention:-
Healthy Diet: Opt for a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Reduce salt, saturated fats, and processed foods. Embrace the Mediterranean or DASH diet for a stroke-protective menu.
Regular Exercise: Aim for at least 20-30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per day. Physical activity improves circulation, maintains healthy weight, and lowers blood pressure.
Quit Smoking: Smoking significantly increases stroke risk. Seek support to quit, as the benefits are rapid and substantial.
Limit Alcohol: Excessive alcohol consumption raises blood pressure and stroke risk. Moderation is key – women should limit to one drink a day, men to two.
Manage Stress: High stress levels can contribute to stroke risk. Practice stress-reduction techniques like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing.
Control Blood Pressure: Monitor your blood pressure regularly and follow medical advice for management. Hypertension is a leading cause of stroke.
Manage Diabetes: If you have diabetes, keep blood sugar levels in check as uncontrolled diabetes increases stroke risk.
Weight Management: Maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise. Obesity is linked to stroke risk.
Regular Check-ups: Attend routine medical check-ups to monitor your overall health and discuss any stroke risk factors with your healthcare provider.
By making these lifestyle changes, you can significantly reduce your risk of stroke and promote overall well-being. Remember that small, consistent adjustments can lead to substantial health benefits over time.
The writer is Associate Director – Neurology & head – Neurovascular Intervention Centre for Neurosciences, BLK Max Superspeciality Hospital.
Kashmir Images is an English language daily newspaper published from Srinagar (J&K), India. The newspaper is one of the largest circulated English dailies of Kashmir and its hard copies reach every nook and corner of Kashmir Valley besides Jammu and Ladakh region.