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Artificial Intelligence- benefits, challenges for human race

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By: Dr Firdoos Wani

Artificial intelligence is a gift from science and technology to people and it has changed the way the world works today. Though only been around for a short time, it is used in many areas of life and has made things easier. Artificial Intelligence (AI)has greatly contributed to the human welfare as it is used to get the same results as are expected from human interventions.

AI is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence. While AI is an interdisciplinary science with multiple approaches, advancements in machine learning and deep learning, in particular, are creating a paradigm shift in every sector of the tech industry.

Artificial intelligence allows machines to model, or even improve upon, the capabilities of the human mind. And from the development of self-driving cars to the proliferation of generative AI tools like ChatGPT and Google’s Bard, AI is increasingly becoming part of everyday life — and an area, companies across every industry are investing in.

Understanding AI

Artificially intelligent systems can perform tasks typically associated with human cognitive functions, such as speech interpretation, game playing, and pattern recognition. They typically learn how to do so by analyzing vast quantities of data in search of decision-making patterns to emulate. In many instances, humans will supervise the learning process of an AI, reinforcing good decisions and discouraging poor ones. However, some AI systems are designed to learn on their own, for instance by repeatedly playing a video game until they figure out the rules and how to succeed.

The societal impact of artificial intelligence is a topic of intense debate. Many argue that artificial intelligence enhances the quality of daily life by performing routine and even complex tasks better than humans, thereby making life easier, safer, and more efficient. Others contend that AI poses hazardous privacy risks, exacerbates racism by standardizing people, and causes workers to lose their positions, thereby increasing unemployment. For further information on the debate surrounding artificial intelligence.

Unemployment—Machine-Induced Job Loss

One of the main concerns of society is that with the rise of artificial intelligence, many jobs that are characterized by a sort of routine, will get automated. The more jobs that get automated, the more people will have to leave their jobs. While many might see it as a negative side of AI, it isn’t. The more routine jobs are automated, there will be room for people to assume roles that are more complex, strategic, and administrative. In the cases of customer service, Conversational AI could spare companies time and money.

While many believe that AI will contribute to unemployment, some see AI giving us a hand with repetitive, monotonous jobs. A part of our day goes to tasks that are tedious and that somehow take the time we could have to spend doing something more important. People who want to focus on doing creative things but can’t find the time because tasks of this nature need to be completed are looking forward to the days when AI will be taking over.

The Human Race Is Getting Slack

It seems that as individuals grow used to working less, they become rather lazy. In fact, society has grown reliant on AI to the point that most people can’t remember a time before such innovations were commonplace. People are becoming dependent on these innovations, which might be a problem for the next generation, since automation is being applied to an increasing number of procedures and applications.

There is no doubt that AI will have far-reaching consequences for our culture. Many of these forecasts are speculative, but we’ll have more information closer to the actual event. For the time being, we shouldn’t be too concerned, as it’s reasonable to assume that the advantages of AI will outweigh the disadvantages.

AI applications are widespread and have transformed various industries, including healthcare, finance, transportation, entertainment, and many others. Some common examples of AI applications include speech and image recognition, natural language processing, autonomous vehicles, robotics, virtual assistants, and fraud detection systems.

While AI brings numerous benefits and advancements, it also raises ethical concerns and challenges. These include issues around privacy, bias in algorithms, job displacement, autonomous weapon systems, and the overall impact on society. Ongoing research and discussions aim to address these challenges and ensure the responsible development and use of AI technology.

Big challenge to human race

Off coures AI brings amply of change in mind of human but side by it has many chanllages that we have to face by now. While artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to bring numerous benefits to humanity, there are also significant challenges and concerns associated with its development and deployment. Here are some of the key challenges posed by artificial intelligence:

Job displacement: AI and automation have the potential to replace many jobs currently performed by humans. As AI technology advances, it could lead to significant disruptions in the labor market, causing unemployment and economic inequality if proper measures are not taken to retrain or upskill the workforce.

Ethical considerations: AI systems raise ethical questions regarding privacy, bias, and accountability. For example, there are concerns about the use of AI in surveillance and the potential for misuse of personal data. AI algorithms can also exhibit biases if they are trained on biased data, leading to discriminatory outcomes in areas such as hiring, criminal justice, and lending.

Autonomous weapons: The development of AI-powered autonomous weapons raises concerns about the potential for lethal autonomous systems that can select and engage targets without human intervention. The lack of human control over such weapons raises ethical and security concerns, including the risk of accidental escalation or malicious use.

Security risks: AI systems can be vulnerable to attacks and manipulation. Adversarial attacks can exploit vulnerabilities in AI algorithms, leading to the misclassification or manipulation of data. Malicious actors could also use AI to amplify disinformation, conduct sophisticated cyberattacks, or breach security systems.

Postscript: Addressing these challenges requires a multidisciplinary approach involving policymakers, technologists, ethicists, and society as a whole. It is essential to establish regulations, ethical frameworks, and international collaborations to guide the responsible development and deployment of AI, while also considering the potential risks and impacts on humanity.

The author is writer,columnist and approved counsellor in IGNOU can be reached as [email protected]

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