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PM delivers veiled warning to China, Pak in I-day speech

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Pushes for self-reliant India with 'Make for World' call, announces digital health mission

New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday issued a veiled warning to China and Pakistan saying whoever challenged the country’s sovereignty got a befitting reply as he made a push for ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ with a ‘Make for World’ call and announced a National Digital Health Mission.

In his Independence Day address to the nation from the ramparts of Red Fort for the seventh consecutive time, Modi, 69, also said mass production of vaccine for COVID-19 will begin in India once scientists give their nod and a roadmap was ready to ensure it reaches everyone in the country in the shortest possible time. Three vaccine candidates are in different stages of trials in the country, he added.

The prime minister asserted that the COVID-19 pandemic cannot halt the country’s march towards self-reliance, and presented a broad outline for spurring India’s growth in diverse sectors.

Citizens will be issued a health card that will have all their medical information under the digital health mission that will revolutionise healthcare in India, he said.

The annual Independence Day event at the main venue Red Fort which traditionally witnessed a bustling crowd was scaled down this year in keeping with prescribed COVID-19 safety protocols that also included social distancing for the visitors including ministers and diplomats.

During his 86-minute address on the country’s 74th Independence Day, Modi also underscored his government’s commitment to holding assembly polls in centrally-administered Jammu and Kashmir after the ongoing delimitation exercise is over, and stated a new era of development has begun in the union territory after Article 370 was scrapped a year ago.

Modi, who was dressed in his customary ‘kurta pyjama’ and sported a saffron and cream ‘safa’, said the armed forces have given a befitting reply to those challenging the country’s sovereignty “from LoC to LAC”, in a veiled reference to Pakistan and China.

“From LoC (Line of Control) to LAC (Line of Actual Control), anyone who casts an eye on the sovereignty of the country, the armed forces have responded in the language they understand,” Modi said.

“Whether it is terrorism or expansionism, India is fighting both with determination.”

Modi’s comments came amid India’s bitter border row with China along the LAC in eastern Ladakh and rise in incidents of ceasefire violations along the LoC with Pakistan in the last few months.

Referring to the Galwan Valley clashes in eastern Ladakh in June, the prime minister said respect for India’s sovereignty is supreme and the world has seen in Ladakh what its brave jawans can do to maintain this resolve.

“I salute all those brave soldiers from the Red Fort,” Modi said, adding the whole country is united in protecting the sovereignty of the country. Twenty Indian army personnel were killed during the clashes on June 15. The Chinese side also suffered casualties but it is yet to give out the details

Besides the announcement of the launch of a national digital health mission, Modi said all the six lakh villages in the country will be connected with optical fibres in 1,000 days to improve digital connectivity for the rural masses.

“Every Indian will be given a health ID, which will work as each Indian’s health account,” Modi said, adding it would ease problems faced by citizens in getting healthcare access.

“Every test, disease and diagnosis, and medical reports along with medicines will be stored in every citizen’s health ID. These health issues will be resolved through this National Digital Health Mission,” he added.

The prime minister dwelt at length on his ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ (self-reliant India) campaign as he gave a call for reducing imports and pushing exports of finished products in place of raw material, saying the country will have to move forward with the mantra of ‘Make in India’ as well as ‘Make for World’.

‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ is no longer merely a word but has become a mantra and captured people’s imagination, he said.

Unveiling his vision, the prime minister said the goal is to make India a global manufacturing hub while a Rs 110 lakh crore pipeline of national infrastructure projects is being created to boost the economy and create jobs.

India received record foreign investment in the last fiscal when FDI rose 18 per cent, he said, adding companies were looking to invest in the nation even during the corona crisis.

“How long can the raw material be sent out of our country and finished products imported?” he asked. “Aatmanirbhar Bharat is not only about cutting imports but also raising our capacity, creativity and skills.”

“Today world’s biggest companies are looking at India,” he said. “Now along with ‘Make in India’, we will have to move ahead with the mantra of ‘Make for World’.”

The prime minister cited the example of India during the coronavirus crisis becoming an export surplus nation in the manufacturing of N-95 face masks, PPE kits and ventilators.

Hailing the ‘corona warriors’, including doctors, nurses, paramedical staff and sanitation workers who have been continuously fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, he said the country will achieve victory over coronavirus with the resolve of its over 130 crore citizens.

Asia’s third-largest economy’s main focus will be the creation of a pipeline of national infrastructure projects worth more than Rs 110 lakh crore, Modi said. “About 7,000 projects in different sectors have been identified. This will be a type of infrastructure revolution.”

Stating that working in silos in the infrastructure space has ended, he said a large scheme to connect the country through a multi-modal connectivity infrastructure is ready.

The National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) project will play a crucial role in pulling the country out of the impact of COVID-19, he said.

On digital connectivity for rural masses, Modi said only five dozen village panchayats were connected with optical fibre in 2014. This has increased to 1.5 lakh in the last five years.

“In the coming 1,000 days (less than 3 years), all the 6 lakh villages in the country will be connected with optical fibre network.”

Vocal for local, re-skill and up-skill campaigns will be the main pillars, he said.

“I am confident that India will realise this dream. I am confident of the abilities, confidence and potential of my fellow Indians. Once we decide to do something, we do not rest until we achieve that goal,” he added.

The prime minister said India’s policies, processes and products should be the best in the world and only then the idea of “shresth Bharat” (best India) will be realised.

On foreign policy issues, Modi said today neighbours are not only those with whom India shares its geographical boundaries but also those with whom “our hearts meet”.

While talking about the need for overall economic growth and making the country self reliant, Modi, at the same time, said humanity must retain a central role in this process.

He said many concerns are raised about the challenges for a self-reliant India, but asserted there are “crores of solutions” offered by the country’s citizens to “lakhs of challenges”.

Making a mention of the ground-breaking ceremony for the Ram temple in Ayodhya on August 5, Modi said the centuries-old issue has been resolved peacefully.

‘Mass production of COVID-19 vaccine to begin in India once scientists give nod’

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday said mass production of vaccine for COVID-19 will begin in India once scientists give their nod, and a roadmap was ready to ensure it reaches everyone in the country in the shortest possible time.

Addressing the nation from the ramparts of the Red Fort on India’s 74th Independence Day, Modi said three vaccine candidates are in different stages of trials in the country, adding the talent of our scientists is like that of ‘rishi munis’.

He said whenever there is talk of COVID-19, the question that comes to everyone’s mind is that when will a vaccine be ready.

“I want to tell people, the talent of our scientists is like that of ‘rishi munis’ and they are working very hard in laboratories. Three vaccines are in various stages of testing. When scientists will give us the green signal, there will be production on a mass scale and all preparations have been made for it,” Modi said.

A roadmap has been prepared to ensure that the vaccine reaches everyone in the country in the shortest possible time with mass production, he said.

Three vaccine candidates are in different stages of human clinical trials in India.

The phase-1 and 2 human clinical trials of two of them, developed indigenously by Bharat Biotech, in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research(ICMR), and Zydus Cadila Ltd, are currently underway.

The Serum Institute of India has been permitted for conducting Phase 2 and 3 human clinical trials of the third vaccine candidate developed by the Oxford University. The Pune-based institute has partnered with AstraZeneca for manufacturing the vaccine.

‘Efforts on to make Ladakh carbon neutral’

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday said efforts are on to make the Union Territory of Ladakh a carbon-neutral region.

Carbon neutrality means having a balance between emitting carbon and absorbing it from the atmosphere in carbon sinks. It is significant as greenhouse gas or carbon emissions adversely affect the climate.

“Just like Sikkim has made its mark as an organic state, efforts are being made to make Ladakh a carbon-neutral region,” said Modi, addressing the country from the ramparts of the Red Fort on the occasion of the 74th Independence Day.

In 2003, Sikkim became the first state to announce adoption of organic farming, which also helped in reducing its carbon footprint.

Sikkim stopped importing chemical fertilisers and since then the cultivable land there is practically organic and farmers of the state are traditional users of organic manure, an environment ministry official said.

In 2018, the northeastern state won the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)’s ‘Future Policy Award’ for best policies on promoting agroecological and sustainable food systems.

In Ladakh, several wind and solar energy projects are underway. Among these is an upcoming 7,500 megawatt (MW) solar power plant which will significantly reduce the union territory’s carbon footprint and contribute towards carbon neutrality.

“Ladakh has big potential for solar energy. Within five years from now, a 7,500 MW solar power plant will be installed there which will help in reducing the carbon footprint drastically,” said Jigmet Takpa, joint secretary of the environment ministry.

Ladakh produces 0.1 per cent of India’s total carbon emissions, another senior officer of the environment ministry said.

“Making Ladakh carbon neutral is a vision of development. It aims at carrying out developmental activities in the territory along with minimising carbon emissions.

“Ladakh’s emissions are very low at 0.1 per cent of India’s emissions due to less development in the area. The government is planning to get investment for solar and wind energy and it will be announced soon,” the officer said.

‘All villages to be connected with optical fibre in next 1,000 days’

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday announced that the project to connect India’s over six lakh villages with optical fibre network will be completed in the next 1,000 days.

Besides, a high speed internet connectivity via submarine optical fibre cable will be extended to Lakshadweep in this period, he said.

In his address to the nation on India’s 74th Independence Day, he pointed out that only five dozen panchayats in the country were connected with optical fibre cable by 2014, the year his government came to power for the first time.

In the last five years, 1.5 lakh village panchayats have been connected with optical fibre cable, Modi said.

He also announced that a new policy on cyber security will be unveiled shortly, saying the nation’s dependence on the cyber world has increased in the changed circumstances, an apparent reference to the upheavals brought in by the COVID-19 pandemic, and that this has spawned its own dangers to development and economy.

He said the country is witnessing expansion of roads and internet at unprecedented and rapid speed, from the peaks of Himalayas to islands in the Indian Ocean.

“In the next 1,000 days, all villages in the country will be connected with optical fibre,” he said, adding Lakshadweep too would be connected with submarine optical fibre cable within this period.

Modi recently inaugurated the first ever undersea optical fibre cable project for Andaman and Nicobar Islands which will provide high speed broadband connections in the union territory at par with services in the mainland.

He had laid the foundation for 2,312-km Chennai-Andaman and Nicobar Islands (CANI) connecting submarine optical fibre cable project on December 30, 2018.

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