The legacy of Islamic revolutions
By: Shahid Amin Malik
There is a huge collection of writings about the comparative study of the Revolutions of the world. The researchers who studied the world Revolutions without prejudice had to accept the truth and to admit the superiority of the Islamic Revolution. For instance A famous American writer Michael Hart in his masterpiece book ‘The Hundred’ which is the selection and gradation of the hundred most influential personalities of the human history, keeps the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) on top and cites pre questioned answer and unveils the cause of his top position. He says ‘ He is the only person who is supremely successful in both religious and secular fields’. And the Author of concise history world H G Wells, who initially criticized the different aspects of Prophet Muhammad’s life but finally admitted prophets greatness stating that “although the sermons of human freedom, fraternity and equality were said before. We find a lot of these sermons of Jesus of Nazareth. But it must be admitted that it was only the Prophet Muhammad who, for the first time in human history established the society based on these principals”. There are countless non Muslim writers, historians and scholars who have no problems in accepting the facts.
Now coming to practical phenomenon, the criteria of an ideal Revolution, if we analyze any revolution of the world we find that ideology behind a revolution was someone’s work while as actual revolution was brought by different people, sometimes surpassing decades and even centuries. As in French revolution Ideology was put forward by Voltaire, Montesquie and Rousseau but they were not the men of the field. Similarly Russian revolution was based on the ideology by Karl Marx and the leadership that actually materialized it in the form of revolution was linen. But in Islamic revolution, the scenario is entirely different as it was prophesized by the same genius who actualized it as well.
Secondly, Islamic revolution took only one human historical span to occur. It was completed just in twenty two years. In other revolutions time period is too long. Third and most important factor in this case is that the change was in all the three human collective fields including religious: political, Economic and Social. And Religious: Belief, Social customs and culture.
In other revolutions the changes were in limited sects. For instance, In French revolution only political system was changed. Monarchy was replaced by democracy. All other fields of life remained as they were. In Russian revolution the change was only in Economic field. On the analysis of the revolutions of world we find that all the revolutions of the world have been partial and Islamic revolution is only one having legacy of being complete.
All the revolutions of human history demanded much human blood. In French revolution the death toll was 1,000,000 while in Russian revolution 11,000,000 human lives were lost. It was only Islamic revolution where only 1018 human lives were lost out of which 259 were Muslims and 759 were non-Muslims. But the influence of the revolution was that much which changed the ignorant Arabs into the most productive humans of world.