State of women in the Covid pandemic
In all that has frayed our nerves since covid struck, we should not miss a pile-up of reports that indicate this pandemic has been harsher on women. After India went into lockdown last March, cases of domestic violence saw a sudden rise, and it is not clear if this problem has lost some salience in the public sphere because of a decline in incidence or reporting. Data trends drawn from routine surveys show that women are more likely to have lost their jobs than men as overall employment shrank under the economic impact of the covid outbreak.
In general, it is clear that women have suffered greater income losses than men, resulting in deprivations of financial agency that can cause much misery under a patriarchal set-up. Those who hold jobs have had to work from home under all sorts of other pressures.
By convention, women have always borne a disproportionate share of household chores, and home lock-in conditions have imposed even heavier burdens. And then, the extra demands of covid-care and self-isolation also tend to get assigned by gender. In these unhappy and unfair times, the results of a recent Deloitte survey of working women that point to work discontent should serve as an alert for employers to work out relief measures.
Conducted between last November and this March among 5,000 women from 10 countries, including 500 from India, Deloitte’s study reveals that heavy work-loads at home and assignments by office have together thrown the earlier work-life balance out of kilter.
As stress levels have gone up, many say they have considered quitting their jobs. More than three-fifths of the Indian respondents are less optimistic about their careers than before the pandemic, a proportion higher than the all-country average. As many as 26% of the women surveyed in India have felt inclined to drop out of the workforce- again higher than those elsewhere. The survey’s findings also highlight less satisfaction with careers, lower confidence in employer support and fewer provisions for flexible work hours than in other countries. While working around the house expected of women is a global phenomenon, as the survey finds, Indians are likelier than the rest to be saddled with the bulk of it.
The writer is Former PES-1, Retired Principal, Government Girls Senior Secondary School Mandi Harji Ram Malout Punjab.